Skin Journal
What are skin types and why are they important?
Author:
Kate Iselin
Reviewed by:

We’ve all seen skincare products that are made for people with certain skin types. “Dry skin”, “oily skin”, “sensitive skin”...not to mention vague terms like “combination skin” and “normal”. Figuring out your skin type has long been considered the key to figuring out exactly what treatments your skin needs, so it’s no wonder so many of us are keen to find out exactly which category we fit in to.


Below, we’re going to discuss each different skin type and tell you how to find out which one you are. We’ll also talk about some really common skin conditions that are frequently mistaken for skin types, and then we’ll explain how to choose the best products for your skin type. We’ll also ask about your skin type in your initial Software consultation to ensure that your custom treatment is perfectly tailored to what your skin needs.


READ MORE: The Dermatologist-Approved Guide To Acne


Some dermatologists and skincare brands put forward that there can be up to ten skin types, but we believe there are four main ones: dry, oily, normal, and combination.


To find out what your skin type is, we recommend taking a shower and waiting an hour or so before putting any skin treatments on your face. This will allow your skin to exist in its most natural, un-altered state for a little while, and you can take note of how your skin looks and feels. 

Dry skin

Dry skin is skin that feels, well, dry. If you have dry skin, you might find that your face feels ‘tight’ and even itchy sometimes if you don’t put any moisturiser on it. You might get rough or scaly patches, and you’ll find that your skin doesn’t naturally produce a lot of oil.


Oily skin

If you have oily skin, you’ll notice that your skin produces a lot of oil from its pores. Your skin might feel slick even if you don’t use any treatments on it, and you might find that you have a bit of an oily shine on some parts of your face. You might need to wipe or blot your face a lot, especially if you’re wearing cosmetics or sunscreen.


Normal skin

We don’t believe that anyone’s skin is ‘abnormal’, but when talking about skin types normal skin is any skin that isn’t overly dry or oily. If you don’t use any products on your face for a little while and your skin feels basically fine, then you most likely have normal skin!


Combination skin

Combination skin feels oily in some places but dry in others. There’s no hard and fast rule about which parts of your skin can be oily and which can be dry, but it’s common to notice extra oiliness around your nose, chin, and forehead while your cheeks remain dry. People with combination skin can sometimes have trouble finding the right skin treatments to use because while a thick, creamy moisturiser might work well on the drier parts of the face, it may not feel good on the oily parts!

READ MORE: The Dermatologist-Approved Guide To Skin Pigmentation


It’s really useful to know our skin type, but skin types don’t tell us everything about our skin and they don’t take into account any skin conditions that we might have. 


Skin conditions like acne, rosacea, eczema, and malassezia—just to name a few!—can occur on any skin type, whether it’s dry, oily, combination, or normal. And on top of that, our skin can also be sensitive or ageing (or both). 


Understanding our skin type helps a lot when treating skin conditions. Not because there are some treatments that don’t work on certain skin types, but because we want to make sure that the active ingredients in our skin treatments are being applied to our face in a product that’s right for our skin.


When we look for a new skin treatment, we choose the ingredients based on the condition that we want to treat, but we choose the texture of the product based on our skin type.


So here are the best products for you to use, based on your skin type:


  • Dry skin. If you have dry skin, you can still use cleansers and washes with drying ingredients like salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, but you should take care to use products that have thick and creamy textures rather than light or watery.
  • Oily skin. People with oily skin can—and should—still look for ingredients that hydrate the skin, like niacinamide and hyaluronic acid, but should use lighter serums and lotions rather than rich, thick products.
  • Normal skin. If you have normal skin, you should aim to find a balance in the kind of products you use. Make sure that some of your products are rich and creamy while others are lighter serums and gels.
  • Combination skin. People with combination skin might find it best to use lighter products on the oily parts of their face, and thicker products on the dry parts of their face. A light gel moisturiser would work well on oily areas, while a thicker cream moisturiser would be a good idea for dry areas.

No matter what, it’s important to understand that there’s no type of skin that’s better or worse than another.


If you find that your skin is giving you grief—it’s too dry, too oily, or you have acne that you’d like help with—we really recommend speaking with a doctor or dermatologist.

They can give you advice on the best treatments to use for your skin, and even prescribe a skincare routine for you based on the type of skin you have, and the ingredients that are right for you. Take the guesswork out of your skincare by trying Software’s custom treatment. We’ll pair you with one of our expert practitioners who will consider your current skin state, past history, and skin goals to then create your perfect personalised treatment. Using powerful prescription ingredients, Software’s treatment can help you get clearer, brighter skin.

References

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