When applied correctly, mixing skincare ingredients can elevate your skincare routine and have your friends wanting to know all your secrets!
But get it wrong, and you could be faced with some major irritation.
Luckily, we've got you covered as we break down the active ingredients that are favourites amongst skincare enthusiasts and cover how to mix and match your skincare ingredients.
Let's start with the skincare ingredients that don't mix.
Not all skincare ingredients are designed to be used together and in some cases, certain combinations can cause the skin to become irritated or can lessen the effectiveness of products.
Here are the skincare ingredient combinations to avoid.
Retinoids or retinol products improve skin texture, reduce acne breakouts and improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles thanks to their ability to replace dead skin cells with new ones, making it a great anti-ageing ingredient.
Benzoyl peroxide works as a topical antiseptic that is used to treat acne. Sounds like a good match, right? Unfortunately not.
In fact, some research has found that benzoyl peroxide actually renders your retinol useless.
Benzoyl peroxide is also thought to typically be a strong enough treatment for acne-prone skin, and mixing these two skincare products can cause dryness, flaking or skin irritation.
We don't naturally produce vitamin C and this powerful antioxidant is considered to be an essential nutrient for our bodies and a popular choice for treating UV damage and skin pigmentation.
Often listed as ascorbic acid, it's critical in collagen production and fighting free radicals, helping to delay the signs of ageing.
But, it's best to avoid using retinol and vitamin C together as there is a risk of skin irritation and redness, especially for those with sensitive skin.
If you do want to use them together, start by using only one ingredient for a full skin cell turnover (four weeks) and be sure to look after your skin barrier with rich moisturising ingredients.
Try using the products on different days or separate each ingredient into a day and night routine.
For example, use vitamin C in the morning and retinol in the evening to avoid layering these products together.
Generally, it's recommended you don't mix retinol and salicylic acid in your skincare routine due to the risk of redness or potentially irritating side effects.
However, if you have dark spots, acne-prone skin from excess oil production or mature skin it can be beneficial to combine retinol and salicylic acid, providing you introduce them slowly and carefully.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) are hydroxy acids that work as an exfoliant for your skin.
Examples of AHAs include glycolic acid, lactic acid, mandelic acid and citric acid. The most common BHA is salicylic acid, but can also be sodium salicylate.
All three products are best used at night, but not on the same day or at the same time as each other to avoid skin irritation.
Vitamin C should not be mixed with acids, which includes all AHAs and BHAs.
Vitamin C plays a key role in strengthening the outer layer of our skin barrier, but when combined with an acid, it can enhance the potency of your vitamin C and cause severe irritation.
Benzoyl peroxide actually oxidises vitamin C which renders them both ineffective. They are best used on alternate days.
Niacinamide is a powerful anti-ageing ingredient that brightens skin and soothes redness.
Similar to retinol, niacinamide should not be used with acidic skincare ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids and even vitamin C.
Ordinary niacinamide combined with an acid can cause a bad chemical reaction of redness and flushing.
You'll want to leave at least 30 minutes between products or keep your niacinamide in the morning and your acids at night.
Hydroquinone is a skin-lightening agent and is commonly used to treat hyperpigmentation, whilst benzoyl peroxide fights against acne.
These are two ingredients you should never mix or you run a serious risk of staining your skin and causing some major irritation.
While the above ingredients don't play well when mixed together, there are a number of other ingredients that actually benefit from being mixed with other products.
Combined vitamin C and ferulic acid are potent ingredients give you a brightening agent that helps target signs of ageing like fine lines, wrinkles and uneven skin tone.
Software's Vitamin C + Ferulic Serum contains a whopping 15 per cent dose of vitamin C to target dark spots, dullness and help even out discolouration.
Both vitamin C and E work to counteract free radical damage from UV exposure, but they each combat different types of UV damage.
When combined, they give your skin double the antioxidants to fight damage. You can also add in ferulic acid to give you an added boost of protection.
Sunscreen protects skin from the damaging effects of visible light.
Powerful antioxidants like vitamin C and vitamin E can actually increase your sun protection when used in tandem with sunscreen.
Hyaluronic acid is often thought of as the holy grail for anti-ageing as it stimulates collagen. And, it's also an ingredient that is used in most hydrating skincare products.
This makes it a perfect match for retinol products that, while targeting acne and ageing, can sometimes have side effects like excessive dryness, flaking, redness and irritation.
Hyaluronic acid complements retinol by soothing skin and it doesn't interfere with the efficacy of the vitamin A product.
Nailing your skincare product combinations can be the difference between happy and angry skin.
So, if you have any doubts about your skincare routine or what your skin needs to function healthily, it's best to ask for the help of an expert.
At Software, we offer prescription skincare formulas that are customised to your skin's wants and needs.
Simply complete our text-based quiz, upload a few selfies of your skin and one of our doctors will create a personalised prescription for you.
This is compounded and delivered straight to your door. And, you can access ongoing follow-up support from your doctor over the course of your treatment.
That means you can access professional skincare advice and ask any niggling questions you may have about your skin, your skincare routine and what products should be used together and which to avoid.