Being a teenager can be difficult, and teen acne certainly doesn't help this awkward life phase. While experiencing pimples during your adolescence is entirely normal, it's also completely normal to feel embarrassed or uncomfortable about it.
In fact, acne is one of the leading causes of low self-esteem in young people . But fret not; from severe acne to just a few blemishes, there are plenty of treatments to put a stop to your spots. Time to say goodbye to your face and body acne.
Here are our top tips for treating acne in teens.
Hormones are responsible for some pretty gnarly changes in adolescence, and they also happen to be the primary culprit for causing acne.
Most teenagers, regardless of sex, experience an increase in hormones, which are called androgens, during puberty. Androgens increase the size of your oil glands, which in turn, create sebum.
Sebum is the natural oil produced by your body and is usually no cause for concern, but increased sebum production can cause acne . While excessive sebum production is not exclusive to teenagers, it is the most common cause of acne for adolescents.
Another factor in acne is genetics, so if the parents experienced acne as a teenager, it can flow down to their children.
You'd be forgiven for assuming that pimples are the only kind of acne but there are actually several varieties of this skin concern. Commonly referred to as just acne, 'acne vulgaris' encapsulates all kinds of skin conditions affecting teenagers.
Different types of acne include:
The most common type of acne for teenagers is cystic acne, blackheads, whiteheads and pustules . And, these types of acne don't just appear on the face and temples. Teens can also experience acne on body parts like arms and breasts.
There are several reasons why some people get worse acne than others. One of the major reason is genetics.
In fact, research has found that if both of your parents experienced acne as a teenage, you're more likely to develop acne at an early age .
However, even if your parents have perfect skin, you may still fall victim to blemishes. Hygiene, lifestyle, diet and even your environment can all contribute to acne. Unfortunately, it isn't often known exactly why some people are more susceptible to acne than others.
While many acne treatments can help, there is no definitive way to stop teenage acne for good . In the case of chronic or cystic acne, the best way to beat the blemish is to seek medical advice.
As well as being painful, severe acne can cause scarring, so you want to reduce the chances of this as much as possible. This is why early treatment and medical intervention are suggested.
A GP or dermatologist will help identify the root cause of the issue and alleviate some of the symptoms.
From medication to over-the-counter acne treatments and lifestyle changes, there are various ways teens can beat the blemishes .
Everyone's skin is different and following a customised acne treatment plan designed is the way to go. Software's personalised prescription acne treatment uses medical-grade ingredients like prescription retinoids, niacinamide and hyaluronic acid to fight acne causing bacteria, reduce redness and inflammation and strengthen the skin barrier.
Simply complete the text-based quiz, include a few pictures and one of our Australian doctors will be able to prescribe a formula based on these individual concerns. The treatment is then compounded in our partner pharmacy and sent straight to your door.
A doctor or dermatologist, including Software's skin experts, can prescribe medication that can drastically reduce teenage acne. Oral antibiotics can help fight excess bacteria and reduce inflammation.
This is a powerful acne treatment found in many over-the-counter gels, cleansers, and spot treatments. It kills bacteria that have formed under the skin and helps unclog pores. It works particularly well for inflammatory acne.
It sounds obvious, but you'd be surprised how many people, especially teens, don't even wash their faces once a day.
Something as simple as cleaning your face twice a day with a clean washcloth and hot water can go a long way to help with clogged pores and oily skin. Using a mild cleanser every morning and night to wash away dirt and debris will make a big difference for mild acne. However, severe acne may require something a little tougher.
Salicylic acid is commonly used in skincare products as it does an incredible job of targeting acne by gently exfoliating the skin and clearing away acne-causing bacteria.
Plus, this wash is formulated with a unique blend of low-irritant ingredients for acne-prone and sensitive skin. Use this two to three times a week on your face as well as any other areas of the body prone to acne, including neck pimples, the chest, arms and the back.
Overactive sebaceous glands can cause oily hair, which clogs hair follicles. This can worsen acne or cause breakouts, particularly around the forehead. Ensure you wash your hair regularly to help reduce this.
Teens are very active and sometimes, hygiene can take a backseat. But, remember that sweat is a major factor in clogged pores. And, teen acne can be aggravted by regularly sweat sessions so be sure to wash your face or shower after sport to clear away sweat, dirt and oil.
Sun damage can cause inflammation, which can exacerbate redness and swelling on already irritated skin. Plus, it can also dehydrate your face, making acne much worse and a bit more painful. Use a lightweight sunscreen daily to protect your face without clogging your pores.
Diet plays a huge role in healthy hormone production and in turn, can impact your breakouts. Try to eat in moderation, with plenty of leafy green veggies, complex carbs and antioxidant-rich fruits such as berries, and small amounts of sweets and soft drinks every now and then.
On top of finding an acne treatment that works for you, there are also a few things teens can do to avoid aggravating their acne further.
As tempting as it might be, popping your pimples can cause infection, scarring and more inflammation. It also slows the natural healing process and spreads the bacteria, resulting in more pimples.
If you're suffering from acne or breakouts, it might be tempting to cover it up, but heavy cosmetics can clog pores, irritate your skin and worsen acne. Try to opt for non-comedogenic products that don't clog the pores and are lightweight on the skin.
While it's a common habit for many people, touching your face isn't the best for acne as it can spread bacteria across your skin and aggravate breakouts . If you are going to touch your face for whatever reason, be sure to wash your hands first.